This helps ensure that each service is responsible for only one thing and does it well; it also makes it easier to scale up certain parts if needed. Monolithic applications are complex to build and difficult to maintain for the developer. Any changes made in one part of the application can cause unexpected problems in other parts of it. Additionally, if a new feature is added to the application, all components must be re-deployed and tested together. With smaller services, it’s easier to test and monitor application performance and components.

Once you’ve developed each microservice, they need to be integrated into a functional app before they can be deployed. Microservices, meanwhile, take each aspect of an application and break it up into independent services, which communicate via APIs. In this guide, we’ll illuminate the key features, benefits, and limitations of each architecture to help you navigate the new microservices era. Microservices are more scalable than monoliths, but they can also more expensive to build and maintain, if you are using a large number of premium microservices. Leading organizations adopt microservices to make enterprise applications more agile and resilient. So, a significant part of ensuring a successful process is monitoring critical microservices.

By the end of 2017, we embraced a DevOps culture of “you build it, you run it”, with every developer at Atlassian running their own services. Simplified testing – Since a monolithic application is a single, centralized unit, end-to-end testing can be performed faster than with a distributed application. Modular programs are also what is monolithic architecture more adaptable to iterative development processes and Agile practices compared to monolithic programs. They are also more scalable and can be tested individually due to loose coupling between the various components. Modules also communicate with each other, have their own databases and increase application startup speed.

what is monolithic architecture

It is because all services of applications are connected to each other. It is because, for modify an application we have to redeploy whole application instead of updates part. Chris teaches comprehensive workshops, training classes and bootcamps for executives, architects and developers to help your organization use microservices effectively. Implementing use cases that span multiple services without using distributed transactions is difficult.

Monolithic Applications vs. Microservices

Deployment – A small change to a monolithic application requires the redeployment of the entire monolith. Today, many organizations are moving away from monolith architectures and adopting a microservices architecture because it offers multiple advantages. Monolithic applications are single-tiered, which means multiple components are combined into one large application. Consequently, they tend to have large codebases, which can be cumbersome to manage over time.

Microservices are far more capable of handling this kind of data load than monolithic applications. Monolithic systems are constructed in a single block (otherwise known as a “monolith”). A monolithic application is thus built and will function as one entity, with things like APIs, databases, services, and load balancers woven into a single application framework. PurePath also supports the latest cloud-native architectures. Therefore, teams receive intelligent observability for serverless applications, containers, microservices, service mesh, and integrating with the latest open-source standards such as OpenTelemetry.

Microservices architecture provides a different approach to software development. The big difference is your monolithic application is disassembled into a set of independent services, which are developed, deployed, and maintained separately. Monoliths are often thought of as an older and more traditional method of building applications, but in reality, many businesses still benefit from using a monolithic architecture.

what is monolithic architecture

The microservices architecture was designed to improve some of the disadvantages of monolithic architecture. Microservices are more scalable, flexible, easier to maintain and can be more reliable than monoliths. All of the components are built into a single application, so codebases for monolithic applications tend to grow exponentially, which can result in difficulty maintaining and managing them. In software engineering, a monolithic application describes a single-tiered software application in which the user interface and data access code are combined into a single program from a single platform.

Why is monolithic architecture important?

Its infrastructure couldn’t keep up with the demand for its rapidly growing video streaming services. The company decided to migrate its IT infrastructure from its private data centers to a public cloud and replace its monolithic architecture with a microservices architecture. The only problem was, the term “microservices” didn’t exist and the structure wasn’t well-known. The team working on the microservice application is free to use any technology best suited for the particular business task. For example, Python and its scientific libraries are a de-facto standard for big data computations or AI usage processing.

As monolithic architecture is a tried and tested standard method, it is also considered to be more trustworthy than anything newer and, therefore, more untested. Budgets are not always flexible and can become restrictive, especially when it comes to exploratory domains. Monolithic apps are usually more fixed in scope and follow traditional waterfall-based development methodologies. These factors reduce the complexities and uncertainties involved with app development leading to better adherence to budgets. If the domain is limited and does not require many different services, the monolithic model may be better suited.


Your choice should depend on the professional ability of the team and the complexity of your business task. There is an interesting approach widely used in microservices architecture that says microservices should have “smart endpoints and dumb pipes”. In other words, communication between microservices should be as simple as possible and all the “smarts” should be present in the service itself. Otherwise, complexity is switched to the transport level instead of the application level, and this makes testing and integration more difficult. Before answering that question, let’s consider what exactly it means. Monolithic architecture refers to a traditional unified model for designing software as a single unit.

If your team has no microservices experience, start with a monolithic architecture. There is a lot of risk learning microservices as you build the application. So, either work with what you know or work with partners who can help you migrate to microservices.

You’re a startup with a lot of great ideas but not a lot of resources. To launch your business, start scaling, and attract the attention of investors, you need to get your product to market as quickly as possible. This kind of agility means applications can be developed quickly and efficiently.

Despite all the obvious benefits of microservices, monolith design should not be condemned as a bad approach. It still has several advantages some developers definitely appreciate. Many teams hold to the misconception that these two approaches are mutually exclusive and that the monolithic architecture is the only way forward. Monolithic architecture has several benefits, including ease of understanding and maintenance, higher performance and scalability, and greater reliability.

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This can make it more difficult to manage and maintain the application over time, and can also make it more challenging to ensure that the microservices are compatible with each other. Over time, a monolithic application can become large and complex, which can make it difficult to maintain and support. As the codebase grows, it can become more difficult for developers to understand and work with the code, which can slow down development and increase the risk of bugs and other issues.

what is monolithic architecture

Application integration is something Talend knows a lot about. Lack of clear ownership – As more services are introduced, so are the number of teams running those services. Over time it becomes difficult to know the available services a team can leverage and who to contact for support.

What about microservices? What are microservices?

The monolithic architecture simplifies end-to-end testing, which is essential to implementing and monitoring fixes and upgrades. For large and complex application in monolithic, it is difficult for maintenance because they are dependent on each other. As you can see in the example all the services provided by the application are directly connected. So if we want to change in code or something we have to change in all the services as well. Monolithic Architecture is like a big container, wherein all the software components of an app are assembled and tightly coupled, i.e., each component fully depends on each other. Avoid the pitfalls of adopting microservices and learn essential topics, such as service decomposition and design and how to refactor a monolith to microservices.

Because microservices communicate with one another via remote calls, network latency also increases. When discussing microservices, it is also important to understand how they relate to containerization tools, such as Docker, and container orchestrators, such as Kubernetes. Containers are lightweight virtual operating systems that contain all the elements needed to run microservices or other software within them. They can be run from anywhere, including on virtual machines such as DigitalOcean Droplets, physical servers, and on different Operating Systems. Containers can easily be shifted between locations, scaled up, and enable extremely agile development workflows. Most applications that utilize containerization also use Kubernetes, a container orchestration system that manages the hundreds of containers often required for applications.

As your company grows, your applications and services become more complex. Subsequently, to support a growing business, you need to ensure your apps and services can scale with it. Instead of deploying one large application, you can deploy specific services to support your application. Furthermore, you can deploy services independently without affecting downstream operations. Another critical factor is microservices’ capabilities are expressed with business-oriented APIs, and the implementation of the service is defined purely in business terms. Additionally, these microservices are independently deployable by fully automated deployment tools.

Plus, more generally, microservices make it easier for teams to update code and accelerate release cycles with continuous integration and continuous delivery (CI/CD). Teams can experiment with code and roll back if something goes wrong. As Atlassian grows, microservices enable us to scale teams and geographic locations more reliably by splitting along lines of service ownership. Before we started Vertigo, Atlassian had five different development centers around the world. These distributed teams were constrained by a centralized monolith and we needed to support them in an autonomous fashion. Adopting microservices often goes hand in hand with DevOps, since they are the basis for continuous delivery practices that allow teams to adapt quickly to user requirements.

By team function

This part of the application contains UI and Javascript and is run in the browser. Database containing data split into tables with relations among them. SQL databases like MSSQL, MySQL, Oracle, etc. are commonly used. We looked at the advantages and disadvantages of the Monolithic Architecture. There is value in choosing it when the right circumstances are present, despite not being as well suited to modern cloud-powered trends. It’s not because they’re just being old and stubborn — but rather, there are perks about monolithic that not everyone is willing to accept.

When the developer begins work on a new component, they must understand how to work with other parts of the system and find ways to interact properly without breaking other modules encapsulation. Microservices help avoid this outcome by providing a good interaction interface without any coupling. Compared to scaling the whole application, scaling its most resource consuming part is more effective. With microservice architecture, this is easy to achieve by simply adding more instances for the microservice behind the load balancer. With a monolith, the only solution is to add more instances for the whole application, and this may cost much more.

Longer timelines and higher resource needs directly translate to higher costs. Microservices communicate with each other over a network, there is the potential for network latency or other communication issues to affect the performance of the application. This can be particularly challenging in applications that require low-latency communication between microservices, such as real-time financial trading systems. Netflix used monolithic applications until they grew too large and scaling challenges. Monolithic systems lack the agility and flexibility that many modern businesses require.

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